16 set. Com base nas obras A teoria da democracia revisitada – o debate contemporâneo (Giovanni Sartori), Poliarquia: Participação e Oposição. A Teoria da Democracia Revisitada – Giovani Sartori. 5 likes. Book. From a contemporary point of view, within political science, reference may be made to the work of Giovanni Sartori, A Teoria da Democracia Revisitada, trans.

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So far there is no real novelty in this account: It is worth while asking why a president elected by a party that had, thoroughly and cohesively, rejected the former administration’s proposal presents a reform yet more distant from the preferences of his core supporters. In settings thus built party discipline is harder to come by.

English eevisitada Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail. This explains why nine deputies changed their position from the voting on substitutive global amendments emenda substitutiva global ESG 4, when they abstained, to the decision on DVS 7, when they ranked with the executive.

The case of PT allows us to further discuss the distinction between cohesion and discipline as proposed by Tsebelis Lastly, it is worth describing briefly the reform’s passage in the Senate. If, for legislators, the costs of indiscipline rise, for the president, the costs of desertion in his coalition increase exponentially. For legislators the main concern is to pay attention to the audience, made up of attentive and inattentive publics. saryori

However, this situation is entirely inverted in the case of DVS. In this view, the two above-mentioned characteristics would be able to “shield” the national decision-making process, preventing or inhibiting tendencies prone to power dispersal. The scores were as follows: An adversarial strategy in relation to the Cardoso administration was not only the most rational one, promising to pay off in electoral terms, but also a symbol of adherence to the PT program.

Conjoined, these features form a landscape in which the president has enough resources to determine the agenda and the pace of proceedings within Congress, while leaders can get their caucuses to behave in a cooperative and disciplined fashion, a fact that would minimize, if not nullify, the veto power of the legislative over executive’s actions.


O que foi escrito sobre democracia

Additionally, the stance assumed by PFL is a case in point of state arena’s influence, referred earlier in this article. Only on three votes could the PSDB leader have the support of the party majority for the executive’s proposal.

The dynamics at play is largely as follows: The rise to power and the ensuing adoption of a reformist agenda caused a shock in the party’s cohesion, forcing it to resort to the available disciplinary tools.

Social security reform; Executive [Legislative relationship]; government [opposition]. After an eventful passage in the Chamber of Deputies and a partial reconstruction in the Federal Senate, the proposal was finally passed in the former house in December Breaking down by state the PFL votes, one can see that in five out of six roll-calls the presence of a PFL governor had a remarkable influence giofanni the behavior of its deputies in the Chamber.

O que foi escrito sobre democracia – DAGOBAH

Even though the party has to be heard and considered, as the president’s party and the largest governing caucus inthe PT knew that it was not to rule alone and would be always in need of votes from other congressional forces backing Lula. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization17 2: President Lula, on the other hand, experienced a clearly distinct situation, since he relied on the support of governors elected by the two major teorka parties, PFL and PSDB, besides having the formal agreement of the latter in congressional votes.

The setting is drastically altered, however, by the influx of proposals of constitutional amendment into the legislative agenda. American Journal of Political Science43 4: We may giovannu an analysis of the above-mentioned changes by comparing more carefully the two stages of the reform game.

Such a strategy was not available for the administration in the first stage of the reform, once the tax reform had been taken out of the legislative agenda by the then president. Services on Demand Article.

A Teoria Da Democracia Revisitada – Giovanni Sartori – Google Books

America Latina Hoy In every single roll-call, the administration could count on some votes from PFL and PSDB, which were decisive in the passage of EA 4, in the rejection of DVS 7 and for the final passage of the reform in the second round. From the comparison between the two reformist processes it is evident that: Finally, in our concluding comments, we shall resume our discussion about the Brazilian institutional arrangement in light of the analysis undertaken in this article.


A proposal presented by either the Chamber of Deputies or the Federal Senate has to be signed by at least one third of its members; the other alternative is a joint presentation by a majority of the state assemblies, backed by a plurality of the votes cast in each of them.

In order to achieve this, he revisitsda be willing to mobilize resources at his disposal in other arenas, such as patronage posts and budgetary resources, within the executive, and use of his popularity, in the societal arena.

The Journal of Legislative Studies9 3: Our first point is based on a key assertion by Arnold which states that proposals of public policies that impose concentrated costs and yield diffuse benefits and, additionally, are submitted to a decision-making process where representatives are obliged to assume publicly their positions, may be characterized as “politically unfeasible”.

Of the parties that made up the governing coalition, the PDT sided against the executive in the deliberation about the DVS 7 and in the second round. Data presented by the authors show a pronounced dominance of opinions favorable to market-friendly reforms, which were at the time vehemently fought tekria the PT. Although both presidents were able to transform a minority electoral coalition into a majority congressional one, Lula’s position in Congress was indeed more fragile.

In these circumstances, the presidential agenda is passed and political stability is preserved, although shortcomings of representation and accountability may come up as another outcome of the game.