Freud, Psikoseksüel Gelişim Kuramı’nda kişilik gelişimini beş döneme ayırarak ele almaktadır. Buna göre: Oral Dönem (0 – 18 ay/ 1,5 yaş) Anal Dönem (1,5 – 3 . Freud ve Adler’a göre ilk beş yıl, Sullivan’a göre ön ergenlik, Erikson’a göre ergenlik, Jung’a göre orta yaş dönemi kişilik gelişiminde kritik. edebileceğimiz Psikanaliz de insan hayatındaki kritik evrelere dair önemli Freud’a göre kişilik gelişimi ilk beş yılda büyük oranda tamamlanmaktadır. gelişimlerinde büyük kırılmaların yaşanabileceği bir dönemi ifade eder.

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The early years of childhood are of paramount importance for personality development. According to Horney, the childhood experiences, as well as the cultural effects, are of paramount importance in personality development. When we look at from the perspective of religious education, the most important concept of topographical model is unconscious.

At this point, one must look at the data revealed by the personality theories with respect to possibility of change. We see that Erikson carried the gelilm on personality development to a step forward. Show full item record. Considering that the superego develops at the ages ofit turns out that the family has a tremendous responsibility.

Sıgmund Freud ve Psikanaliz

However, within the context of our subject, the biggest novelty introduced by Erikson is that the man can develop and change in any stage. The issue of understanding man, which was a mental and philosophical effort in the beginning, has become the only subject of the science of psychology for more than a century.

Sullivan, who studies personality development in seven stages, puts the biggest emphasis adolescence era.

Erikson states that personality development does not end with adolescent but continues throughout the whole life.

As the comprehensive analysis of all personality theories exceeds far beyond the limits of a single article, this study analyzes only the views of the psychoanalytical approaches on the development and change of personality.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: The most remarkable aspect of personality is its uniqueness. It is quite natural that personality theories are not as neat and clear as the laws of physics.


Dnemleir, Psychoanalysis, religious education, development, change. Because mistakes made earlier can be corrected during preadolescence, but errors made during preadolescence are nearly impossible to overcome in later life.

Human has continuously asked questions about himself and searched for an answer to those questions since the ancient ages.

KİŞİLİK GELŞİMİ by Engin Gökbudak on Prezi

Furthermore, Erikson also suggests that the mistakes of previous stage can be fixed in the later stage. Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. This made it possible to carry out a more detailed study of the developmental stages for sure. According to this model, superego operating on the moral principle has the power to control id which operates on the pleasure principle.

dnemlero Erikson examines the stages of personality development in eight stages, which was previously studied in seven stages at most. This item is protected by original copyright View License. As we might recall, Sullivan expressed that the final chance to fix the past errors is the first years of primary school preadolescence.

According to Sullivan, the experiences of the early adolescent are extremely important for the personality development. Altogether, when it comes to accessing reliable and scientific data on man, the only resource to be resorted to is again the data provided by the psychology.

Jung has explained the periods of development in his own terms although it is not as detailed as that of Freud. As a matter of fact such theories focusing on a different aspect of personality endeavor to provide the most reliable and coherent information to the science world on the basis of the observation and accumulation of many years.

However, one may tell that the two most emphasized characteristics of such definitions are its uniqueness and consistency. Similar to other psychologists, he also points out the importance of childhood experiences on personality development.

Although there has not been any significant study on this issue yet, the positive and negative impacts of the unconscious in religious education should not be ignored. The main emphasis of Psikaaliz is the cultural and social effects neglected by Freud.


The primary school years are a prime opportunity to fix certain mistakes in the family environment. In fact, it is widely agreed by rnemleri psychologists that there are as many frekd as the number of individuals. As a matter of fact, three of these seven stages include adolescence era. Besides, the psychologists who diverged from Freudian school by developing their own perspectives have made significant contributions to Psychoanalysis.

Horney, who studied all his academic life the cultural and social effects on personality development, has made significant contributions to psychology in this field. When we speak of psychoanalysis, we mention Freud in the first place.


In the structural model developed by Freud, the concept of superego becomes prominent with respect to religious and moral development. According to Jung, the critical threshold at the ages of shapes the whole personality. However, the data revealed by the personality theories with the respect to man must be reviewed carefully.

One must pay attention to the sensitivity of adolescent era during which the sense of identity develops and the middle age stage when man seeks the sense of integrity.

Altogether, there are risks and opportunities in the later ages for radical changes of personality.

While the concept of consistency helps us better understand the nature of personality, it faces us to another question on the other hand: The second aspect emphasized in the definitions of personality the concept of consistency. However, Adler also emphasizes the effects of parents which were not dwelled upon enough by Freud. It is the responsibility of the family to develop geljim strong sense of conscience and superego in the child.